Your thyroid generates and releases hormones that play an important function in several physiological systems. When the thyroid produces too much or too little of these vital hormones, a thyroid disorder is diagnosed. Multiple kinds of thyroid illnesses exist, including hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroiditis, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
The thyroid gland is a tiny, front-of-the-neck organ that wraps around the windpipe (trachea). It has the form of a butterfly, with two large wings that wrap over the side of your neck. The thyroid gland is a gland. You have glands throughout your body that produce and release compounds that assist your body in performing a certain function. Your thyroid produces hormones that regulate several critical bodily activities.
What is thyroid dysfunction?
Thyroid illness is a medical ailment that prevents the thyroid from producing the proper quantity of hormones. Typically, your thyroid produces hormones that maintain regular bodily function. When the thyroid produces excessive amounts of thyroid hormone, the body expends energy too rapidly. It is known as hyperthyroidism. Using energy too rapidly can not only leave you exhausted, but it may also increase your heart rate, lead you to lose weight without trying, and make you feel anxious. In contrast, your thyroid might produce too little thyroid hormone. It is known as hypothyroidism. When there is insufficient thyroid hormone in the body, symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, and an inability to endure cold temperatures.
Who experiences thyroid disease?
Thyroid illness may affect everyone, including men, women, newborns, adolescents, and senior citizens. It might be present from birth (usually hypothyroidism) or emerge later in life (often after menopause in women).
Thyroid illness is quite prevalent, with an estimated 20 million Americans suffering from a thyroid condition. A woman is five to eight times more likely than a male to be diagnosed with a thyroid disorder.
If you have thyroid illness, you might encounter several symptoms. Unfortunately, the symptoms of a thyroid disorder sometimes resemble those of other medical illnesses and life phases. This might make it difficult to determine if a patient’s symptoms are due to a thyroid condition or something else completely.
Generally speaking, the symptoms of thyroid illness may be split into two groups: those linked to having an excessive amount of thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) and those connected to having an inadequate amount of thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) (hypothyroidism).
- Included among the symptoms of an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) are:
- Feeling anxiousness, irritation, and anxiety.
- Having difficulties sleeping.
- Reducing weight
- Having a goiter or an enlarged thyroid gland.
- Muscle weakness and tremors are present.
- Experiencing irregular menstrual cycles or the cessation of menstruation.
- Feeling heat-sensitive.
- Vision difficulties or eye discomfort.
- महिलाओं में थायराइड may cause the following symptoms:
- Feeling exhausted (fatigue).
- Gaining weight.
- Experiencing memory loss.
- Having periods that are heavy and frequent.
- Having coarse and dry hair.
- Affected with a raspy voice.
- Have a low tolerance for frigid temperatures.
Hypothyroidism, often known as low thyroid, is a frequent condition. It may result in several symptoms, including weariness, weight gain, and feeling chilly. In addition, it may affect your hair, skin, muscles, memory, and mood.
Notably, none of these issues are exclusive to hypothyroidism. However, if you are experiencing a number of these symptoms or if they are new, worsening, or severe, you should see your physician to determine whether you need to be tested for hypothyroidism. Thankfully, hypothyroidism can often be treated with affordable drugs.