A comprehensive guide of a fire extinguisher

A comprehensive guide of a fire extinguisher

Fire is unpredictable and unmeasurable. Whatever the cause may be, fire can cost you a lot financially and emotionally, so it is better to control it timely and prevent any major hazard. The moment we think about fire, the next thought is to grab a fire extinguisher. This is a front-line defence equipment that can control fire breakout without compromising anyone’s life. However, before using your safety gear, it is necessary to keep checking whether it requires service or not. And if you have bought your safety gear recently, you should acquire proper guidance to use it. Therefore, for your convenience, we have shared a comprehensive guide regarding fire extinguishers and how you can utilize them when in need. 

Types of extinguishers 

Usually, fire extinguishers are of three types – portable, semi-portable, and third is fixed. First, however, they are classified into various classes that we have mentioned below. 

Class A – If the fire hazard is due to the burning of wood, glass fire, furnishing, or upholstery, then you will be required to use a Class A category fire extinguisher. As it rapidly calms the heating factor amongst the wood and prevents further spread. These fire extinguishers usually contain a combination of water, DCP, and foam. 

Class B – Whereas, you should use a Class B extinguisher if the fire is caused by any liquid substance such as – lubricating oils, paints, cooking oils, fuels, etc. It is equipped with Co2 and DCP to control the heating element.  

Class C – When fire breakouts involve electrical equipment like wiring, motors, switches, etc., a Class C extinguisher controls the fire breakout, as Class C type includes portable Co2 and DCP firefighting solutions.  

Class D – When combustible material like – aluminium or magnesium is responsible for any fire, the risk of life and assets becomes more critical. This is because these elements usually burn at a very high temperature and may react vigorously when coming into contact with water, carbon dioxide, air, or any other chemical. Therefore, using Class D will be a wise decision as it is equipped with strong solutions to control such circumstances instantly. 

Class E – Fire breakouts that take place due to any electrical source require a Class E extinguisher. Again, Co2 and DCP solution is filled in these extinguishers that help control fire without any electric shock. However, if you can switch off the source of electricity, it will convert into other classes and can be controlled accordingly.  

Usage process 

Now that you have understood about various extinguishers, let us learn how you can use them instantly.

First of all, pull the pin attached to the fire extinguisher to break the tamper seal. 

Immediately aim your firefighting extinguisher downwards while the nozzle points towards the base of the fire.

Then, try to squeeze the handle of the fire extinguisher to release the agent present in      the extinguisher.  

While releasing the extinguisher, keep sweeping the nozzle from side to side and point the firefighting extinguisher at the base of the fire until it’s fully extinguished. 

However, if the fire re-ignites, repeat the last three steps and keep your hand sturdy. 

Key points to remember  

Always check your fire extinguisher timely, and even if it is not required still, get it serviced by professionals at least once a year. 

If you own a fire extinguisher, try to place it near the approachable corner. As it will become easier for you to reach out for help on your own quickly.  

Before purchasing a fire extinguisher, always assess possible fire breakout points and install them accordingly.  

Addition to the previous point, always keep your fire alerts working. They will help you to detect fire at the earliest.


Hopefully, this article was informative and guided you regarding extinguishers, utilizing them, and keeping them in mind while using and purchasing them. However, it is recommended to consider the guide given above for detailed review. 

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